Borderline Personality Disorder Diagnostic Criteria Still Puzzling Researchers

A recent review has found that most people with a condition known as Borderline personality disorder, or BPD, are not violent. The abundance of research has focused excessively on those people already in the criminal justice system, according to an online study.

University of Toronto researchers say that while some patients may be violent this is simply not the case with all individuals and the violence among these individuals is likely in the minority. Researchers add that a BPD diagnosis might be less helpful with predicting violence than you might guess and that violence relating to BPD might not be as largely determined with impulsivity as current thought suggests. Most of the research conducted has largely been in misleading samples such as those in prison, psychiatric patients, delinquent youth, patients undergoing psychiatric treatments and substance abusers.

Researchers also believe that contextual factors need to be more closely examined as well as the belief that those patients with BPD are at a risk of committing violent acts, especially those that fear abandonment and loss with interpersonal relationships. The team noted that it was crucial to look past the simple BPD diagnosis and rather to individually access other issues. Authors noted that the diagnostic criteria for BPD include intense and unstable interpersonal relationships, affective instability, impulsivity issues, and difficulty with controlling inappropriate or intense anger.

While these criteria suggest aggression is sometimes a common result, authors note it is important to avoid adding to the already heavy burden the stigma of BPD brings by over-generalizing the disorder.

On February 2nd, 2012, posted in: Borderline Personality Disorder Research by Tags: